Eczema (Dermatitis)

Overview

Eczema is a group of conditions that causes the skin to become dry, rash-like and itchy. It is also called as dermatitis.

Eczema is often very itchy and on scratching the skin it becomes inflamed and red.  Eczema affects adults and children, but it is most common in babies.

It is not contagious, cannot be transmitted from one person to the other.

The main cause of eczema is unknown however, it occurs when the person has family history (genetic association) of the disease.  At the same time exposure to some environmental factors (certain chemicals) increases the likelihood of developing Eczema.

It is usually a chronic condition (long-term) but intensity of symptoms varies in different seasons. Eczema or dermatitis develops in many different forms such as

Atopic eczema or Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema, which is a condition that causes skin to become dry, red, itchy and cracked.

Contact eczema or Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema, which is developed due to contact with specific substance or chemicals.

Discoid eczema or Discoid dermatitis is also known as discoid or nummular dermatitis, it causes skin to become reddened, swollen, cracked and itchy in circular or oval patches pattern.

The treatment options for all different types of Eczema include medicines in creams, ointments or oral dosage tablets.

In most cases, the intensity of symptoms largely reduced by avoiding the exposure to the irritants or chemicals such as certain soaps, detergents, occupational chemicals (solvents, acidic and alkaline products).

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